Oncology Medical Management

Original Editor - Elaine Lonnemann

Top Contributors - Kim Jackson, George Prudden and Evan Thomas

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Oncological Emergencies

Physical Therapists need to be aware that certain oncologic emergencies may develop over time and it is important to know the primary systems affected or causes as well as signs and symptoms for referral[1].

I. Metabolic

  1. Tumor Lysis Syndrome
  2. Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
  3. Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)

II. Hematologic

  1. Febrile neutropenia
  2. Hyperviscosity syndrome

III. Structural

  1. Epidural Spinal Cord Compression
  2. Malignant Pericardial Effusion
  3. Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

IV. Side Effects from Chemotherapy

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Extravasations
  3. Obstipation


  1. Higdon M et. al. Treatment of Oncologic Emergencies. Am Fam Physician 2006; 74: 1873-80