Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Original Editor - Rachael Lowe
What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a method that can help manage problems by changing the way patients would think and behave. It is not designed to remove any problems but help manage them in a positive manner  .
Behaviour therapy (BT) was developed in the 1950’s independently in three countries: South Africa, USA and England . It was further developed to Cognitive Therapy (CT) in the 1970’s by Dr Aaron Beck with its main application on people with depression, anxiety and eating disorders  . However, the main evidence today focuses on CBT, after the merging of BT and CT in the late 80’s .
The Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Model
Aaron Beck and Christine Padesky first recognised this CBT model in the 1970s .
How it is used:
- Negative thoughts (e.g., "My back pain is uncontrollable" --> Negative feelings (e.g., depression, anger) and maladaptive health behaviours (e.g., skipping treatment sessions) --> Reinforcing negative cycle.
- Beck, J., 1995. Cognitive Therapy: Basics and Beyond. Guildford Press: New York
- NHS Choices, 2012. Cognitive behavioural therapy. [online] Available at:http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cognitive-behavioural-therapy/Pages/Introduction.aspx[Accessed 8th Jan 2014]
- Öst, L.G., 2008. Efficacy of the third wave of behavioral therapies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Behaviour research and therapy, 46(3): 296–321
- Hayes, S.C., 2004. Acceptance and commitment therapy, relational frame theory, and the third wave of behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavior Therapy, 35: 639–665
- Roth, A., Fonagy, P. “What works for whom? A critical review of psychotherapy research”. 2nd ed. Guilford Press: New York 2005
- Beck, A.T., 1976. Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York: International Universities Press