Hyperemesis Gravidarum

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Nausea and occasional vomiting are common in early pregnancy (NVP) . It affects 50%-80% of pregnant women during the first half of gestation.[1] When vomiting is severe or protracted, it is often referred to as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). It is generally referred to as “morning sickness,” for many women symptoms persist over the whole day.

Aetiology[edit | edit source]

Genetics[2]

History of asthma/other respiratory tract infections

Intake of saturated fat, no intake of ginger, inadequate intake of vitamin B[3]

Clinical signs[edit | edit source]

  • Symptoms may include a broad spectrum of severity ranging from occasional nausea to intractable vomiting.
  • Nausea and vomiting begins in the first trimester around six to nine weeks’ gestation and settle by about 12 weeks.
  • Few women have symptoms after 20 weeks of gestation.

References[edit | edit source]