Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing
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Top Contributors - Naomi O'Reilly
Introduction[edit | edit source]
Sub Heading 2[edit | edit source]
Muscle Grading Scale[edit | edit source]
|0||Complete lack of voluntary muscle contraction.
The examiner is unable to feel or see any muscle contraction
|1||Faint or “flicker” muscle contraction without any movement of the limb.
The examiner can see or palpate some contractile activity of the muscle/s or may be able to see or feel the tendon “pop up” or tense as the person tries to perform the contraction.
|2-||Gravity eliminated movement that is less than full range of motion.|
|2||Very weak muscle contraction with movement through complete range of motion in a position that eliminates or minimizes the force of gravity.|
|2+||In gravity minimized position, completes full available range and holds end position against mild resistance; or against gravity, completes up to half of the full range of motion.|
|3-||Against gravity, more than half but less than full range of motion.|
|3||Muscle can complete a full range of motion against only the resistance of gravity.|
|3+||Completes full range of motion against gravity, and holds end position against mild resistance.|
|4||Able to complete the full range of motion against gravity and can tolerate strong resistance without breaking the test position. The Grade 4 muscle clearly breaks with maximal resistance.|
|5||Able to complete full range of motion and maintain end point range position against maximal resistance. The examiner cannot break the Athlete’s hold position.|
Resources[edit | edit source]
- bulleted list
- numbered list