Halstead Test

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To assess for possible Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

A positive test implicates a probable cervical rib.


The patient is sitting or standing. The therapist continuously palpates the radial pulse on the side being tested. While still palpating the radial pulse, the therapist abducts the arm to 45 degrees, extends the shoulder to 45 degrees, and externally rotates the upper extremity while applying a downward distraction to the arm. The patient is then asked to fully turn her head away from the side being tested and extend the cervical spine.


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