Guide to Selecting Outcome Measures
The following questions are intended to guide clinicians in selecting the correct outcome measures for their patients
- 1 Why Am I Using the Outcome Measure?
- 2 What Am I Aiming to Measure?
- 3 Have the Clinimetric Properties of this Tool Been Measured in a Population Similar to Mine? Consider:
- 4 Is the Outcome Measure Reliable?
- 5 Is the Outcome Measure Valid?
- 6 Is the Outcome Measure Responsive to Change?
- 7 Financial Considerations
- 8 Therapist Implementation
- 9 Resources
- 10 Client
- 11 Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROM)
- 12 References
Why Am I Using the Outcome Measure?
- Identifying the impact of a disorder on an individual?
- Establishing a baseline measure from which to monitor changes over time?
- Evaluating the impact of an intervention?
- Evaluating the needs of those attending a service?
What Am I Aiming to Measure?
- Impairments of body structure and function?
- Activity limitations?
- Participation restrictions?
- Quality of life?
Have the Clinimetric Properties of this Tool Been Measured in a Population Similar to Mine? Consider:
- Do the study samples have the same condition?
- Is the study sample similar in disease severity?
- Is the study sample similar in disease-specific factors?
Is the Outcome Measure Reliable?
- Do I know the rate of error detected with scores?
- Do I know the minimum detectable change?
Is the Outcome Measure Valid?
- Does it measure what I want it to measure?
Is the Outcome Measure Responsive to Change?
- Is there a known minimum clinically important difference?
- What is the cost of this test?
- Is a licence required?
- Is equipment required?
- Is the measure easy for a clinician to conduct?
- Is special training required/available?
- Are there clear standardised instructions on how to carry out and score the measure?
- How long does it take to carry out the measure?
- How long does it take to record results?
- Is special equipment or are special forms required?
- Is space sufficient for this measure to be carried out?
- How much time does it take for the person to complete?
- Is the task difficult?
- Is privacy required?
Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROM)
- Is face-to-face contact required or can this measure be completed in the waiting room?
- Does the questionnaire cover sensitive personal issues?
- Is there a specific reading level required?
- Is the measure available in other languages?
- Iansek R, & Morris ME (Eds.) (2013). Rehabilitation in movement disorders. Cambridge University Press.