Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Flexor Pollicis Brevis(FPB) is present on the radial border of the palm. FPB is one of the muscle of the thenar eminence of the hand.
It also falls under the intrinsic muscle of the hand. Flexor Pollicis Brevis is the small, narrow muscle consisting of the outer and inner portions. The outer portion is termed as the superficial head and the inner portion is termed as the deep head of the muscle.
It is supplied by the branches of the radial artery.
Flexor Pollicis Brevis flex the metacarpophalangeal and carpometacarpal joints leading to the opposition of the thumb and, if continued, produces the medial rotation of the thumb. Due to this function, we are able to manipulate objects and create tools. It plays role in fine movements like precision, pinching, and power griping.
Flexor Pollicis Brevis and First Dorsal interosseous muscles help in Tip-pinch movements. The movement generally, happen in daily activities like turning a key and opening a package
The sensory impairments like numbness, paresthesias, and motor deficits of the superficial belly of FPB is caused by median nerve compression which is occurred in the carpal tunnel syndrome. Circumduction and opposition require well-coordinated, simultaneous movements across each of the three thumb joints ( CMC, MCP, IP), Carpal tunnel syndrome disrupt these motion pattern.
Manual Muscle Testing of FPB
Patient Position: Neutral position of the wrist, forearm supinated, Carpometacarpal(CMC), and IP joint at 0°, thumb in adduction adjacent to the 2nd Metacarpal.
Therapist Position: Comfortable position stabilizing 1st metacarpal to avoid any wrist and CMC movement by one hand fingers and the other hand one finger is placed at proximal phalanx in the direction of extension.
Test: Patient is instructed in native or non-technical language to flex the MP joint of the thumb keeping the IP joint straight.
Grade 5 (Normal): Complete Range of motion(ROM) against maximum resistance.
Grade 4 (Good): Tolerate strong or moderate resistance.
Grade 3 (Fair): Complete full ROM with slight resistance.
Grade 2(Poor): Complete ROM without resistance
Grade 1 (Trace : Palpate the muscle on the ulnar side of the flexor pollicis longus tendon in the thenar eminence.
Grade 0 (Zero): There is no visible and palpable contraction in the muscle.
Activate Flexor Pollicis Brevis Muscle - Place the palm facing up and wrist in a neutral position. Bring the thumb to touch the base of the little finger and apply pressure as much as possible. Hold the pressure for a few seconds and release it.
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- Myos Health Clinics . Flexor Pollicis Brevis activation . Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEhykrWsXR4 [last accessed 28/10/2020]