Goniometry: Shoulder Internal & External Rotation

Anatomical Movement[edit | edit source]

Shoulder internal rotation (IR)

Shoulder external rotation (ER)

Testing position[edit | edit source]

Patient is supine with the shoulder abducted to 90 degrees and the length of the humerus on the test side is supported on the plinth

Forearm is in neutral position

Goniometer Placement[edit | edit source]

olecranon process of the ulna perpendicular to the floor (vertical) in line with the ulnar side of the forearm from the axis point to the ulnar styloid process

Expected Findings[edit | edit source]

Expected range of motion for IR is 0- 70 degrees.

Expected range of motion for ER is 0- 90 degrees[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Norkin CC, White DJ. Measurement of joint motion: a guide to goniometry. FA Davis; 2016 Nov 18.