Dermatological Disorders

Original Editors-Stacy Downs Top Contributors - Stacy Downs, Cindy John-Chu, Rucha Gadgil, Admin and Elaine Lonnemann  

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Dermatological disorders are an umbrella term to describe conditions affecting the skin. They may range from common skin rashes to severe skin infections which may occur as a result of: infections, allergens, systemic disorders or medications.

Common Skin Conditions[edit | edit source]

  • Tinea Versicolor
  • Acne vulgaris: Commonly referred to as pimples or otherwise known as acne, is a skin condition affecting the pilosebaceous unit causing non-inflammatory lesions, inflammatory lesions and varying degrees of scarring [1]. It occurs mainly in adolescence but can persist till adulthood. Four pathogenic processes have been postulated to causing acne. They are:
    • alteration of follicular keratinization that leads to comedones
    • increased and altered sebum production under androgen control
    • follicular colonization by the bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes
    • complex inflammatory mechanisms that involve both innate and acquired immunity
  • Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Cellulitis
  • Eczema
  • Pressure ulcers

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Tan AU, Schlosser BJ, Paller AS. A Review of Diagnosis and Treatment of Acne in Adult Female Patients. Int J Womens Dermatol. 2018; 4(2): 56–71.