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Original Editor - Audrey Brown
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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart chambers and valves. This lining is known as the endocardium. [1]

Clinically Relevant Anatomy[edit | edit source]

Endocarditis may involve the inner lining of the heart, the heart valves, and/or the heart muscle.

Pathological Process[edit | edit source]

Endocarditis is most commonly caused by a bacterial infection. Endocarditis begins when bacteria enter the bloodstream via several methods including central venous access lines, injectable drug use using unsterile needles, recent dental surgery, other surgeries or minor procedures involving the respiratory tract, urinary tract, infected skin, or orthopedics.[1]

It can also be rarely caused by a fungal infection. In some cases, no direct cause can be found.[1]

Clinical Presentation[edit | edit source]

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Diagnostic Procedures[edit | edit source]

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Management / Interventions
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Differential Diagnosis
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References[edit | edit source]