Sprituality and pain

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Sprituality[edit | edit source]

Spirituality can be broadly defined as an experience with the transcendent or sacred that provides a strong sense of identity or direction, which often affects a person's beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behavior but is also important to a sense of meaning and purpose in life.[1]Nowadays, sprituality and religious belief are crucial part many individual lives.Although, religious and sprituality are not described as the same. Sprituality beliefs have the great significance at the time of illness, in maximum cases it helps an individual to accept their own illness and often help individual to plan for their future well-being.[2]Spirituality develop a better strategies to face the disease with a positive impact on the quality of life.[3]

Characteristics of Sprituality[edit | edit source]

The researchers identified five characteristics of spirituality and provided common definitions for each attribute. The five attributes and their definitions are:

  1. Meaning - the ontological significance of life; making sense of life situations; deriving purpose in existence.
  2. Value - beliefs and standards that are cherished; having to do with the truth, beauty, worth of a thought, object or behavior; often discussed as ‘ultimate values.’
  3. Transcendence - experience and appreciation of a dimension beyond the self; expanding self-boundaries.
  4. Connecting - relationships with self, others, God/Higher Power, and the environment.
  5. Becoming - an unfolding of life that demands reflection and experience; includes a sense of who one is and how one knows among other things.[4]

Spiritual Health[edit | edit source]

Spiritual health is about the connection with self (personal dimension), others (social dimension), the nature (the environment) and God (transcendental dimension). The basic characteristics of spiritual health are as follows: proper lifestyle, connection with others, asking about the meaning and purpose of life, and transcendence.[5]Spiritual health is positively related to physical health, for instance, it may help patients experience lesser pain and also help to maintain the mental well-being.[6]

Spritual Attitude in dealing with pain[edit | edit source]

Sprituality is regarded as a active and positive coping process in the management of pain with many positive effects. Trust in god, conscious and healthy way of living, as well as positive attitudes are found to be the effective ways in dealing with pain.[7]

Spritual support and connection helps to reduce depression and anxiety , gives greater sense of peace and calm.It can be due to the multiple factors like increased self-efficacy, spritual and social support, distraction, relaxation and positive reappraisal. Individuals who are associated with spritual and religious activity have higher level of pain tolerance and higher level of psychological well-being.[1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Siddall PJ, Lovell M, MacLeod R. Spirituality: what is its role in pain medicine?. Pain Medicine. 2015 Jan 1;16(1):51-60.
  2. Dedeli O, Kaptan G. Spirituality and religion in pain and pain management. Health Psychology Research. 2013 Sep 24;1(3).
  3. Sá KN. Spirituality and pain. Revista Dor. 2017 Apr;18(2):95-6.
  4. Knapik GP, Martsolf DS, Draucker CB, Strickland KD. Attributes of spirituality described by survivors of sexual violence. Qualitative report (Online). 2010 May;15(3):644.
  5. Ghaderi A, Tabatabaei SM, Nedjat S, Javadi M, Larijani B. Explanatory definition of the concept of spiritual health: a qualitative study in Iran. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine. 2018;11.
  6. Hematti S, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M, Khajooei-Fard R, Mohammadi-Bertiani Z. Spiritual well-being for increasing life expectancy in palliative radiotherapy patients: a questionnaire-based study. Journal of religion and health. 2015 Oct;54(5):1563-72.
  7. Büssing A, Michalsen A, Balzat HJ, Grünther RA, Ostermann T, Neugebauer EA, Matthiessen PF. Are spirituality and religiosity resources for patients with chronic pain conditions?. Pain medicine. 2009 Mar 1;10(2):327-39.