Training principles for Phase 1[edit | edit source]
- Injury Prevention and Body Mechanics
- Total Health (Nutrition, Cardiopulmonary exercise)
- Movement Retraining Basics
- Core Setting
- Evidence for Stability Training for Low Back Pain (and pelvic pain) 
Criteria for Progression to Phase 2
Below outlines the criteria that each patient must accomplish before allowed to complete the phase 2 exercises. At times, some phase 2 exercises may be given when a patient has not met this criteria. But rarely, will a patient be given the entire cuff program and the big 4 without meeting this criteria. This is based on anecdotal evidence of how best to prevent injury.
- Able to engage the primary core muscles without compensatory firing or pain in non-weight bearing (supine or prone)
- Able to engage the primary core muscles without compensatory firing or pain in static weight bearing positions (standing)
- Core Endurance and Ratio Testing has been completed 
- The Big 4 exercises (or modifications of each one) are tolerated for at least a single hold of 8 seconds
Training principles for phase 2[edit | edit source]
- Movement Retraining Intermediate
- Big 4 Exercises
Training principles for phase 3[edit | edit source]
- Static Balance - Stable Surface
- Static Balance - Unstable Surface
- Dynamic Balance - Stable Surface
- Dynamic Balance - Unstable Surface
Training principles for Phase 4[edit | edit source]
- Movement Retraining Advanced
- Big 4 Exercises - Advanced
Training principles for Phase 5[edit | edit source]
- Advanced Strength Training and Postural Stability
CRITERIA FOR DISCHARGE FROM PHYSICAL THERAPY
References[edit | edit source]
- Gatti R. Efficacy of Trunk Balance Exercises for Individuals With Chronic Low Back Pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011. Available at: http://www.jospt.org/issues/id.2593/article_detail.asp. Accessed August 19, 2011.
- Macedo LG, Maher CG, Latimer J, McAuley JH. Motor control exercise for persistent, nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review. Physical Therapy. 2009;89(1):9-25. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19056854.
- McGill SM, Childs A, Liebenson C. Endurance times for low back stabilization exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1999;80(8):941-944.
- McGill S. Ultimate back fitness and performance. Waterloo Ont.: Wabuno Publishers; 2004.
- McGill S. Low back disorders: evidence-based prevention and rehabilitation. Second. Human Kinetics; 2007.
- Mcgill S, Karpowicz A. Exercises for Spine Stabilization: Motion/Motor Patterns, Stability Progressions, and Clinical Technique. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009;90(1):118-126. Available at: http://www.archives-pmr.org/article/S0003-9993%2808%2901505-0/abstract